Powys Built Heritage
Powys Built Heritage

Listed Buildings

A 'listed building' is one which is included on the statutory lists of buildings of 'special architectural or historic interest' which are issued by Cadw. Copies of the lists for each area are deposited with the local planning authority. Classification is by address and a description referred to as the ‘schedule’ which identifies features of particular interest. The Schedule is there only for guidance and therefore if an item is not mentioned it does not mean it is not protected.

Buildings or structures are listed in their entirety. There is no such thing as just part of the building or structure being listed. The listing of the building, or structure, applies to, and protects, all of the exterior and all of the interior.

In addition to the above, any object or structure fixed to a listed building is also protected by the listing status. Furthermore, any (freestanding) object or structure (such as boundary walls, fences, gates, railings, gateposts, outbuildings etc) within the curtilage of the listed building, and which were constructed prior to 1st July 1948, are also protected by the listing. Such objects or structures are known as curtilage listed buildings/structures.

The local authority will serve notice of a listing. Listing is a legal process and therefore the papers should be kept with the deeds. A copy is also deposited in the Register of Land Charges and should be revealed by a solicitors search at time of purchase.

Buildings are listed in one of three grades, I, II* and II in England and Wales.

If you wish to know if your building is listed, please contact the Built Heritage Team.

Listed Building

Listed Building Consent

Proposals for development which affects in anyway the character of a listed building will require listed building consent. Any development which unacceptably adversely affects a listed building or its setting will not be allowed. This may involve works to a listed building itself, or development close to a listed building which might impact upon its setting.

In general, however, such works as replacing doors and windows, re-roofing, new chimney pots, new rainwater goods, wholesale re-pointing, rendering or re-rendering, painting of render, stone, brickwork and external joinery, internal structural works including removal of walls and partitions, formation of new doorways, blocking (or un-blocking) of doors/windows, any works to staircases, fireplaces, chimneybreasts or other structural/decorative elements of the interior will require listed building consent. This short list is not definitive in any way and listed building owners should always make inquiries with the Local Planning Authority as to what works may require Consent.

In addition, any proposals to form an extension, or any other work that physically abuts or attaches itself to the listed building, would also require Listed Building Consent, and may also require planning permission. It is a criminal offence to undertake works to a listed building without obtaining Listed Building Consent prior to works taking place.

Examples of ways in which development may affect the setting of a listed building include impinging on an important view or vista, over dominating a listed building in scale or by introducing unsympathetic design elements.

Contrary to a popular misconception, consent does extend to interiors as well as exteriors.

Listed Building Consent application forms (and guidance notes) are available from this website. Please use this link to download Listed Building Consent Forms.

The application should include a justification as to why works which affect the character or special interest of a listed building, are desirable or necessary. For further advice download our justification guidance note.

For further planning guidance please contact the Council’s Planning Services.

No fee is needed for an application for Listed Building Consent.

Further information can also be obtained from guidance leaflet ' Listed Building Consent', produced by the Built Heritage Team.

Listed Buildings

How to get a Building Listed

Buildings are often added to the statutory list as a result of surveys or may be 'spot listed' individually as a result of a request.

Anyone can request for a building to be spot listed, but not all proposals are successful. 

The general criteria for including a building in the statutory lists are as follows:

Buildings built before 1700 which survive in anything like their original condition are normally eligible, as are most such examples of about 1700 to 1840. Progressively stricter selection requirements apply to buildings erected after 1840.

 In considering whether to list a building, the Welsh Assembly is advised by the professional Inspectorate of Historic Buildings within Cadw, who assess in the light of the following main criteria:

  • Architectural interest: buildings important for the interest of their architectural design, decoration and craftsmanship.
  • Historic interest: buildings which illustrate important aspects of the nation’s social, economic, cultural or military history.
  • Close historical associations with people or events of importance to Wales.
  • Group value: especially where the buildings comprise an important architectural or historic unity or a fine example of planning (e.g squares, terraces of model villages).

A proposal for listing should be supported by a location map, photographs (internal & external), brief description of the building with building date (if known), owner details (if known) and any other historical or architectural information which makes the building special.

The inspectors will make an initial appraisal based on photographs and information supplied. If the building seems a good candidate a site inspection will follow which may be followed by a recommendation that the building be listed. All recommendations are then either confirmed or not by the relevant Secretary of State.

Since most applications for spot listing are made because of a particular threat to the building it is important to make clear the nature of the threat and the timescale involved.

If a building has already been rejected for listing in the past few years, the case will only be reconsidered if new information is provided.

All suggestions for listing in Powys are channelled through Cadw, Designations Section, Plas Carew, Unit 5/7, Cefn Coed, Parc Nantgarw CF15 7QQ.

 

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Archive images are courtesy of the Radnorshire Museum and Mr Pete Jenkins

Case Study ...



Rhoslyn, High Street

Rhoslyn before and after restoration
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